Which major art movements were started within Europe?
Theres been a large quantity of art movements started in Europe over the ages. We've compiled a list of the top 9 art movements that were created within Europe.
Cubism - The Cubism movement was started in Europe in 1907 by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, two of the leading pioneers in the movement. The Cubmism style is characterized by fragmented subject matter that is deconstructed in such a way that it can be viewed from different angles at the same time. Other famous Cubist artists include Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger, and Paul Cézanne.
Surrealism - Surrealism was an art and cultural movement developed in Europe in the aftermath of World War. The movement is best known for its colorful and often mind-bending artwork, which aimed to create dream-like and bizarre imagery. The leader of the Surrealism movement was André Breton, a French writer and artist, and included famous artists like René Magritte, Max Ernst, Salvador Dalí, Paul Delvaux, and Katherine Linn Sage.
Futurism - Futurism was a social and artistic movement that started in Milan, Italy in 1909 by the Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. It emphasized technology, sleekness, industrialism, and futuristic elements to create artwork. Key figures of the futurism movement included Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Gino Severini, Giacomo Balla, and others.
Bauhaus - The Staatliches Bauhaus movement, which translates to "building house", was a German art movement in the early 1900s that combined crafts and the fine arts. The movement, founded by Walter Gropius, is known for its approach to design, which includes blocks and squares, dark colors, minimalism, and geometric forms.
Der Blau Reiter - Der Blaue Reiter (translated as "The Blue Rider") was a group of artists who rejected the new modernist movement. The group was founded by a number of artists livingin Germany, such Wassily Kandinsky, Alexej von Jawlensky, Marianne von Werefkin, Franz Marc, August Macke, and Gabriele Münter. Der Blaue Reiter began in 1911 and lasted until 1914. The movement was characterized by artists expressing spiritual truths through their art, including the connection between visual art and music, the symbolic associations of color, and a spontaneous approach to painting.
DeStijl Movement - The De Stijl movement, created in Leiden, the Netherlands, in 1917, was structured by the fundamental principle of geometry, including straight lines, squares, rectangles, and asymmetry, as well as the use of primary colors with black and white. Artists of the DeStijl movement included Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, and Vilmos Huszár, among others.
Dadaism - An avant-garde movement that started and was influenced by World War I. The Dada artists rejected modern capitalist society and believed that it contributed to the war. The Dadism movement was formed in Zurich, Switzerland, and included artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Tristan Tzara, Man Ray, and Salvador Dali.
Fauvists - Fauvism is an art movement named after its style, les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), that emphasized strong color painted over typical scenes that were left over from Impressionism. Fauvism had a short-lived timespan, as it began around 1904 and continued until 1910. The leaders of the movement were André Derain and Henri Matisse.
Impressionism - Impressionism, which derives its name from the title of a Claude Monet work (Impression), is an art movement that started in Europe in the mid-1800s and is characterized by small and thin brush strokes, with an emphasis on light and ordinary subject matter. Famous Impressionists include Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, and Frédéric Bazille.