Where did Ernest Hemingway stay in Europe?

Guide to Ernest Hemingway

Born in Oak Park, Illinois in 1899; he became a reporter for the Kansas City Star and in World War 1 served as an ambulance driver with the Italian Army. After the war in 1921, he settled in Paris as a correspondent for the Toronto Star and became part of the literary circle of Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Ezra Pound in the Montparnasse area. In “The Sun Also Rises” (1926), the main character describes x in the 20’s.

Like his character in A Farewell to Arms, is wounded in x, although in real life Hemingway was shot in the leg in x.

He served as a war correspondent during the Spanish Civil War and World War II. It was these experiences that became the inspiration for his (year) novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls. In 1954, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. He died by self inflicted shotgun wounds in Ketchum, Idaho in 1961.

Ernest Hemingway, the renowned American author, spent a significant portion of his life in Europe, and his experiences on the continent had a profound influence on his writing. Here are some of the key European locations where Hemingway lived and visited:

  1. Paris, France:
    • Paris was a central hub for Hemingway during the 1920s. He, along with other notable writers and artists, became part of the "Lost Generation" expatriate community. He lived in various apartments in Paris, including one on the Left Bank, and frequented places like the Shakespeare and Company bookstore. His time in Paris inspired works like "The Sun Also Rises" and "A Moveable Feast."
  2. Madrid and Pamplona, Spain:
    • Hemingway developed a deep affection for Spain, particularly during the Spanish Civil War. He spent time in Madrid, where he covered the conflict as a journalist, and also visited Pamplona for the annual Running of the Bulls, an experience that influenced his novel "The Sun Also Rises."
  3. Key West, Florida (USA) and Havana, Cuba:
    • While not in Europe, these locations were significant for Hemingway during his time abroad. Hemingway had a home in Key West, Florida, and later in Havana, Cuba, where he spent considerable time writing. These locales were integral to his life and work.
  4. Venice, Italy:
    • Hemingway visited Venice in the early 1950s and was captivated by the city's charm and unique atmosphere. He spent time at the Gritti Palace Hotel and often explored the canals and historic sites, which influenced his writing.
  5. Austria:
    • Hemingway traveled to Austria in the aftermath of World War II. He visited the Austrian city of Salzburg, where he was involved in various activities related to post-war reconstruction.
  6. Africa (Kenya and Tanzania):
    • While not in Europe, Hemingway's travels in Africa significantly impacted his writing. He spent time in Kenya and Tanzania on safari, which inspired his novel "The Snows of Kilimanjaro."
  7. Normandy, France:
    • Hemingway was present during the Allied D-Day invasion in June 1944, covering the event as a war correspondent. His experiences on the frontlines influenced his novel "A Farewell to Arms."

These are just some of the notable European and adjacent locations where Ernest Hemingway lived, worked, and drew inspiration for his writing. His travels and experiences on the continent contributed to his distinctive literary style and the enduring legacy of his work.

Ernest Hemingway's European sojourns deeply influenced his writing and personal life, particularly his time in Paris during the 1920s. He moved to Paris in 1924, immersing himself in the expatriate literary scene, a period richly detailed in "A Moveable Feast." Here, at cafes like La Closerie des Lilas, Hemingway spent countless hours writing and forging relationships with other literary giants, including James Joyce, amidst the vibrant backdrop of post-war Parisian life.

In 1925, Hemingway's exploration of Europe expanded beyond Paris. He ventured into Spain, where he developed a fascination with bullfighting, a theme that prominently features in works like "The Sun Also Rises." This period was a prolific one for Hemingway; inspired by his European experiences, he penned significant portions of his early works, including "The Sun Also Rises," which he finished after moving back to Paris from Spain in 1926.

By 1927, Hemingway's personal life had undergone significant changes, marked by his marriage to Pauline Pfeiffer. Despite these personal upheavals, Europe continued to serve as a crucial backdrop for his writing. The Hemingways' residences, first in Paris on Rue du Cardinal Lemoine and then their moves within the continent, were more than just homes; they were incubators for Hemingway's burgeoning literary career.

His European stays were punctuated by returns to Paris, where Sylvia Beach's Shakespeare and Company became a focal point for Hemingway and his contemporaries from the "Lost Generation." It was during these years that Hemingway's reputation as a formidable American writer began to crystallize, with Paris serving as the crucible for his distinctive, terse prose style.

By the time Hemingway left Paris in the late 1920s, he had laid the groundwork for his future as one of the 20th century's greatest writers. His experiences in Europe, from the cafes of Paris to the bullrings of Spain, had indelibly shaped his literary output and worldview. Though Hemingway would eventually return to the United States, the years he spent living in Paris and traveling across Europe left an enduring mark on his work and cemented his place in the pantheon of American literature.

Ernest Hemingway's European sojourn began earnestly when he moved to Paris in 1923, drawn by the city's burgeoning literary scene. Paris in the 1920s was a crucible for artists and writers, with Hemingway and his first wife, Hadley, settling into their first Parisian home at 74 Rue du Cardinal Lemoine. This period was Hemingway's initiation into the expatriate literary community, his experiences and observations providing the fodder for his later reminiscences of Paris as a vibrant, transformative space for a young man.

In these formative years, Hemingway became a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star, a role that allowed him to travel and cover significant European events, further enriching his understanding of the continent. This job not only provided Hemingway with the means to support his family but also exposed him to the varied cultural and political climates across Europe, influencing his worldview and writing.

Upon his return to Paris after travels, Hemingway and Pauline, his second wife, rented a new space at Rue Notre-Dame des Champs. The move signified a new phase in Hemingway's life and work, with the lively atmosphere of 1920s Paris continuing to inspire him. The city, according to Hemingway, was where he was "very poor and very happy," a sentiment that echoed through his later works, immortalizing the Paris of his youth.

Despite his travels and time spent in other parts of Europe, Hemingway's heart remained tethered to Paris. He was among the foreign correspondents and writers who claimed to have "liberated" the Ritz Hotel bar during the liberation of Paris, a testament to his enduring connection with the city. Hemingway's return to Paris in the mid-1940s, amidst the backdrop of the liberation, underscored his deep affection and nostalgia for the city.

Hemingway's stays in Paris, from his early years at Place de la Contrescarpe to his involvement in the city's liberation, were more than mere anecdotes of an expatriate life; they were integral to his development as a writer. His Parisian experiences, his marriages, his forays into Spain as a correspondent, and his life among the literati of Paris shaped the narratives that would captivate readers for generations. Hemingway's assertion that one was "very lucky to have lived in Paris as a young man" speaks volumes of his time in Europe, encapsulating a period of artistic growth and profound inspiration.

Hemingways European adventures, from a quaint café in Paris where he penned some of his most enduring works to the exhilarating bullfights in Spain that captivated his imagination, were crucial to his development as a seminal figure in American literature. Together Hemingway and Hadley embraced the vibrancy and tumult of the 1920s European literary scene, making the continent not just a backdrop for his life but a central character in his writing. Their journey through Europe, filled with moments of both profound inspiration and personal upheaval, profoundly influenced the Hemingways' lives and Ernest's subsequent literary career, embedding his experiences deeply into the fabric of his storytelling.