What’s the smallest country in Europe?

The five smallest countries in Europe by land area, along with their estimated populations, are:

  1. Vatican City:
    • Land Area: 0.49 square kilometers
    • Population: Approximately 800
  2. Monaco:
    • Land Area: 2.02 square kilometers
    • Population: Approximately 39,000
  3. San Marino:
    • Land Area: 61 square kilometers
    • Population: Approximately 34,000
  4. Liechtenstein:
    • Land Area: 160 square kilometers
    • Population: Approximately 39,000
  5. Malta:
    • Land Area: 316 square kilometers
    • Population: Approximately 514,000

These countries are known for their small size, but many of them have rich cultural, historical, and economic significance.

Europe is home to several pint-sized nations, each with its own unique charm and significance. Topping the list is Vatican City, the smallest independent state in the world, nestled within the heart of Rome, Italy. With an area of just 0.49 square kilometers, this sovereign city-state is the spiritual and administrative center of the Roman Catholic Church. Its iconic landmarks, including St. Peter's Basilica and the Sistine Chapel, draw millions of pilgrims and tourists annually, making it a globally recognized destination.

Monaco, a glamorous Mediterranean gem, follows closely as one of Europe's tiniest countries at 2.02 square kilometers. Nestled between France and the Mediterranean Sea, Monaco is famed for its luxurious lifestyle, upscale casinos, and prestigious Grand Prix. Its sovereignty has earned it a reputation as a tax haven, attracting high-net-worth individuals and businesses. Beyond the glitz and glamour, Monaco boasts a rich cultural scene, stunning coastline, and a principality that's deeply embedded in history.

San Marino, a picturesque enclave within Italy, stands as another of Europe's minuscule nations. Spanning just 61 square kilometers, it is one of the world's oldest republics, with a continuous history dating back to AD 301. Nestled in the Apennine Mountains, San Marino's charming medieval towns, historic fortresses, and dramatic vistas make it a cultural treasure. This microstate is known for its democratic traditions, making it a living testament to the endurance of small, sovereign entities on the European continent.