What were the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages?

Now we are getting into tricky territory. Considerable amounts of subjective opinion has created dozens of potential wonders of the “middle” ages, add to that the seven wonders of the “modern” ages, and let us not forget the seven “natural” wonders of the world. None of these are official however, and aside from being confusing, are highly debatable. Listed below in the table are the ones generally regarded to be the noteworthy candidates for the seven wonders of the middle ages?

The Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages is a list of impressive and noteworthy architectural and engineering achievements that emerged during the medieval period. These structures were recognized for their grandeur, innovation, and cultural significance. Unlike the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, which predate the Middle Ages, this list highlights marvels that were constructed between the fall of the Western Roman Empire (around 476 AD) and the Renaissance era (beginning in the 14th century). Here they are:

  1. Stonehenge (England): Although its origins trace back to ancient times, Stonehenge continued to captivate people during the Middle Ages. This prehistoric monument, located in Wiltshire, England, is known for its ring of standing stones set within earthworks. It remains an enduring symbol of ancient British culture.
  2. Colosseum (Italy): Despite being an ancient structure, the Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, remained a marvel during the Middle Ages. Built in the 1st century AD, it was used for various public spectacles and remains one of the most iconic symbols of Roman engineering and architecture.
  3. Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa (Egypt): This complex of underground tombs, located in Alexandria, Egypt, is a testament to the fusion of Roman and Egyptian artistic styles. Dating back to the 2nd century AD, it is a remarkable example of ancient burial practices.
  4. Great Wall of China (China): The construction of the Great Wall of China began during the 7th century BC and continued through the Middle Ages. Its strategic military purpose and sheer scale made it a marvel of ancient engineering.
  5. Hagia Sophia (Turkey): Originally built as a cathedral in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) in the 6th century AD, Hagia Sophia is a prime example of Byzantine architecture. Its grand dome and innovative design influenced subsequent architectural endeavors.
  6. Porcelain Tower of Nanjing (China): This pagoda, constructed during the Ming Dynasty (14th to 17th centuries), was known for its exquisite blue-and-white porcelain exterior. Standing in Nanjing, China, it was considered a masterpiece of porcelain craftsmanship and architectural innovation.
  7. Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italy): While primarily a product of the 12th century, the Leaning Tower of Pisa continued to capture imaginations during the Middle Ages. Its unintentional tilt has made it one of the most recognized architectural wonders in the world.

These Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages reflect the diversity and ingenuity of human achievement during this period of history, showcasing both the continuity of ancient marvels and the emergence of new architectural feats.