How many Jews were there before WWII versus after?

Before World War II, Europe had a significant Jewish population. However, due to the Holocaust and subsequent emigration, the numbers were drastically reduced. Here are estimates of the Jewish population before and after WWII in some European countries:

  1. Poland:
    • Before WWII (1939): About 3.3 million Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 45,000 Jews remaining
  2. Germany:
    • Before WWII (1933): About 500,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 15,000 Jews remaining
  3. Soviet Union:
    • Before WWII (1939): About 2.6 million Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 2.2 million Jews remaining
  4. Hungary:
    • Before WWII (1939): About 825,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 200,000 Jews remaining
  5. France:
    • Before WWII (1939): About 350,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 200,000 Jews remaining
  6. Netherlands:
    • Before WWII (1940): About 140,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 30,000 Jews remaining
  7. Greece:
    • Before WWII (1940): About 70,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 10,000 Jews remaining
  8. Czechoslovakia:
    • Before WWII (1939): About 315,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 18,000 Jews remaining
  9. Romania:
    • Before WWII (1939): About 750,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 360,000 Jews remaining
  10. Yugoslavia:
    • Before WWII (1939): About 60,000 Jews
    • After WWII (1945): Approximately 43,000 Jews remaining

It's important to note that these figures are approximate and represent estimates from the period before and immediately after WWII. The Holocaust, which took place between 1941 and 1945, resulted in the systematic genocide of around six million Jews across Europe. After the war, many survivors emigrated, leading to shifts in Jewish populations in different countries. Today, Europe's Jewish population has rebounded to some extent, but it has not returned to pre-WWII levels.

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